Aging 100 Years in a Day

Building customized storage solutions is one of the joys of being a woodworker. I never seem to have enough storage at home or in the shop. On days when I don’t have a lot of time in the shop, when I have some nice scraps I want to use or when I want a quick warm-up, I often find myself making boxes and other storage solutions for items I want to take care of. Over the next few posts I’ll explore a few storage solutions of increasing complexity that I hope will inspire you to get out into the shop.

Sliding top box

Timber framing chisel box

What makes a good box?

When building a box I like to think about how I will use it and access its contents. I like a good box that is sturdy, well suited to hold what I want to store in it, and visually interesting.

Let’s explore the creation of a timber framing chisel box. For this sort of project I want a box that is quick to build, will hold up well in the shop and out in the field, but not so nice it will walk off the job-site.

This traditional-looking box is made from Eastern White Pine. The joinery is pretty straightforward with dadoes capturing a bottom panel and a sliding top. The top has a breadboard end that is nailed and glued in place (I’m not overly worried about wood movement on that breadboard on so narrow a box — as boxes I built years ago and period examples I have examined have held up well.) You do need to pay attention to wood movement in the captured panel and the sliding box top. For the top you want a smooth movement that is neither too loose nor too tight and you want the panel to move with the seasons and not break the corner joinery.

Chisel Box Joinery Detail

Chisel box joinery detail

The corners are held together with rabbeted joints that are secured with cut headless brad nails and glue. (Don’t fill in the nail depressions with putty — the square holes are part of the look) The rounded depression in the lid is used to open the box and is made via a stopped cut carved with a gouge. The little details like this catch and the cut nails really add to the appeal of this sort of box.

Sliding top box interior details

Sliding top box interior details

How to use milk paint for a finish with character and age

I want a finish that is easily renewed or will not look bad with all the dents the dings it will accumulate out in the field. For this sort of application I like to use milk paint and wax. I apply milk paint with a fine brush or a lint-free rag in thin coats so that the grain can show through. After the milk paint dries I sand it gently with 220 grit sandpaper, possibly sanding a bit more in places that will likely get worn from use — so near the the thumb catch, corners, edges etc. I then take a block plane and knock off the corners which exposes the wood under the paint. I then finish the inside with wax being sure to coat the sliding surfaces of the lid. I similarly apply a coat of wax to the outside of the box.

While the outside of the box may look like it has a 100 years of wear on it, I like the surprise of opening the box and seeing a crisp, clean and natural finished interior. The distressed milk paint will only look better with age and use, so I encourage you to learn how to use milk paint and try the finish on one of your projects. Please share your results with us in the comments section!

Take care,
Bill Rainford
http://rainfordrestorations.wordpress.com

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Contributors' Blog, Woodworking Daily Blog

About Bill Rainford

Bill is an avid woodworker, author and instructor. He currently teaches Traditional Building at the Boston Architectural College as part of their Masters Degree in Historic Preservation Program. He's a graduate of the Preservation Carpentry program and many Cabinet & Furniture Making workshops at the North Bennet Street School, where he also teaches several workshops. A long time woodworker, Bill currently works on commissioned pieces from his own workshop, site projects and personalized instruction. Before woodworking, Bill was a software development engineer. You can learn more about Bill on his woodworking blog which can be found here: http://rainfordrestorations.wordpress.com

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