Solid Wood Tabletop Orientation & Installation – Part 2

Editor’s note: Read Part 1 by clicking here.

After deciding what was the right alignment between the top and the base, I looked for the best way to attach it to the base’s hooped apron. I knew that I needed to use hardware that would allow the top to expand and contract freely, but I also understood that whatever technique I chose, it would have to take into account the reality that the table’s base is already assembled.

To connect the top I chose to use Tabletop Mounting Clamps from Lee Valley. These steel clips are inexpensive, yet very effective for this job. My challenge was to create four narrow mortises, located in the inner wall of the hooped apron, to allow the clips’ tongue to glide in and out as the tabletop expands and contracts during the year. Drilling most of the mortises with a 1/8” drill bit, then excavating the remaining fibers with a chisel seems to be impractical (and difficult) because the table’s base was already assembled. So, I decided to use my Rockwell Sonicrafter, which is an oscillating tool*, for this job. I first outlined the permiters of the mortises with a square and a cutting gauge, then I offered the tool’s blade to the wood and began to bore the mortise. True, I could have turned the base upside down on the floor and set a block underneath the mortise’s location to support the blade for a more accurate procedure, but I decided to take the risk and work freehand. After excavating two rows of wood, one above the other, I reached for my narrow chisel and pared the little wood fibers that remained. The results were OK and, since no one will see it, I was not worried too much.

A.  I first outlined the parameters of the mortises with a square and a cutting gauge

A. I first outlined the parameters of the mortises with a square and a cutting gauge

Marking the mortise parameters1.jpg

B. Then I offered the tool’s blade to the wood and began to bore the mortise

B. Then I offered the tool’s blade to the wood and began to bore the mortise

Table top ready for Tabletop Mounting Clamps.jpg Tabletop Mounting Clamps.jpg My table top after installation.jpg

Now, if you like this method and would like to incorporate it in your projects, I do recommend boring the mortises on the furniture components prior to assembling them. One easy way to do this is:

Cutting a mortise with an Oscillating tool.jpg

1. Clamp your part firmly on the bench.

Making a mortise with an Oscillating tool1.jpg2. Tuck a spacer block, milled to match the distance between the lower line of the mortise and the edge of the part, in front of the mortise location. 

Making a mortise with an Oscillating tool2.jpg

3. Offer the blade of your oscillating tool to the part and start plunging in.

DSMaking a mortise with an Oscillating tool3.jpg

4. After you clear the first excavation line, place a shim on the spacer and repeat the above. This will allow you to precisely control the width of your mortises. Re-plunge to bore the mortise and finish the job. If needed, excavate the remaining fibers with a narrow chisel.

Making a mortise with an Oscillating tool5.jpg

DSCN2Making a mortise with an Oscillating tool4.jpg

DSCN2Making a mortise with an Oscillating tool6.jpg006 Making a mortise with an Oscillating tool7.jpg Making a mortise with an Oscillating tool8.jpg

* Oscillating tools can be fitted with all kinds of accessories including saw blades of different widths. The one I used for the mortising job was a regular “Plunge Cut Blade.” (Recently, I discovered a new blade with a “Japanese” tooth pattern that I am very curious to try.)

— Yoav Liberman

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PWM Shop Blog, Woodworking Blogs
Yoav Liberman

About Yoav Liberman

Yoav S. Liberman is a woodworker and a teacher. His pieces have been featured in several woodworking books, most recently in Robin Wood’s CORES Recycled. Yoav teaches woodworking at the Rudolf Steiner School in Manhattan, and also frequently guest teaches in craft schools across the country.  Between 2003 and 2011 Yoav  headed the woodworking program at Harvard University's Eliot House. Yoav’s articles have appeared in American Woodworker and Woodwork Magazine. He frequently contributes woodworking web content to a number of digital publications   Yoav has a degree in architecture and later held two competitive residency programs: at The Worcester Center for Crafts in Massachusetts, and the Windgate Foundation Fellowship at Purchase College, New York. He lives in Chestnut Ridge NY.

8 thoughts on “Solid Wood Tabletop Orientation & Installation – Part 2

  1. randallengle

    I use a biscuit jointer for this operation at a fraction of the time and risk for error of the method shown here. A slot bit on a router also works very well.

  2. Milford

    Not everyone has a biscuit joiner, but lots of us have some version of the oscillating tool. The method shown is a good way of putting its blade in the right places. Cutting the slots with just a chisel might work before assembling the apron, but probably would be awkward to do precisely when working sideways inside an assembled table top.

  3. Ray

    It appears to me if you needed to clean up the mortise with the chisel perhaps there was room to chop the mortise with the chisel. It seems problematic to setup the machine for the work. But if you did not have clearance to chop the mortise this was an option. I have experienced a similar issue on a repair where there was no room to chop the mortise so you need to be creative.

    Ray.

    1. Yoav LibermanYoav Liberman Post author

      Hi Ray,
      You are correct to point out that in some situations one need to think creatively. In the case of my table’s base it was just too awkward to support or clamp it for a traditional mortising technique. This is why I decided to use the oscillating tool. I only used my narrow chisel at the end to clear some loose fibers. And I did not have to apply much force nor did I need to use a mallet. I did contemplated the use of traditional drilling & chiseling technique but I immediately saw the problem: how to pare the 3/4″ sides of a 1/8″ wide mortise without a specialized narrow chisel (that unfortunately I don’t own)? The blade of my oscillating tool was thin enough to do exactly what I needed it to do.

    1. Yoav LibermanYoav Liberman Post author

      Yes, a biscuit joiner can do the job but it would create a wide crescent groove instead of a tailored fit mortise such as the one I strived to make. What I hoped to show in my blog entry was that an oscillating tool was able to do much more than what its user’s manual indicates. With a good blade and a reliable system for guiding the tool, you can achieve quite a lot. From cutting mortises to even flush-cutting an extra long pegs that protrude above the surface.

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