Another Benefit of a Curved Plane Iron - Popular Woodworking Magazine

Another Benefit of a Curved Plane Iron

 In Chris Schwarz Blog, Woodworking Blogs

I sharpen a curve on the cutting edge of all my bench planes and block planes. The curve prevents the corners of the iron from leaving behind “plane tracks” – those ugly little steps. But there are many other benefits to using a curved iron. Here’s one more:

It can make your mortise-and-tenon joinery tighter.

This might sound improbable, but it’s something I achieve with every mortise-and-tenon joint in my shop. Here’s how it works. Like dovetails, the mortise-and-tenon joint is incredibly strong even if you cut it poorly. Cosmetic gaps are just that – cosmetic.

But many of us don’t like gaps. To remove gaps with a mortise-and-tenon joint you need to close up the point where the tenon’s face shoulder meets its mate. Here’s where your curved iron comes into play. Take a look at the photo above. It’s a leg with multiple mortises.

As you can see, I’m planing the leg so the weakest part of the curve is touching the area that will show the most. If I shift the plane to the left, I could make a huge mistake. Here’s a sketch that explains it:

On the left is what happens when the curved part of the iron carves out the middle of the leg and allows the tenon’s shoulder to seat tightly against the show surface of the leg. On the right is what happens if I shift the plane to the left even a little bit.

(Note that the curves above are exaggerated.)

Yes, this approach encourages a gap on the inside of the assembly, but I’m happy with that trade-off.

— Christopher Schwarz

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Showing 10 comments
  • JWatriss

    1 7/5″? And the engineers haven’t descended on you like a flock of sheep in search of hot rendered tallow vengeance?

    What has the internet come to…

    Is that a 2 or a 3? I can’t remember what became of your “I’m only gonna use a #2 for a year” experiment…

  • Ufaweb

    ___123___Another Benefit of a Curved Plane Iron – Popular Woodworking Magazine___123___

  • BLZeebub

    To describe the curve how about when laying a straight edge from corner to corner, how much of the iron shows at the apex? 1/16″, etc.

  • walnutrick

    What radius do you use to sharpen the plane iron?

    • Christopher Schwarz
      Christopher Schwarz

      It’s a slight curve. Just enough to tuck the corners of the iron into the body of the plane and take about a .002″ to .004″ thick cut. It’s not something I measure. I simply keep applying pressure at the corners while sharpening until I get the desired effect. If I get too much curve, I sharpen more in the middle next time.

      Sorry I don’t have a number. Let’s say it’s a 37-1/2′ radius.

      • djamhb

        Actually, a radius of 37-1/2′ would result in a cut of 0.0011″ when the corners touch the sole of the plane.
        Your radius is probably much less.
        You are inviting craziness here, too many dang engineers around 😉

  • Kiwigreg

    How about if you moved the plane so that both outside edges of the shoulders are touching the curve? Or is that getting a bit pedantic?

    • Christopher Schwarz
      Christopher Schwarz

      Considering the iron is 1-7/5″ to 2″ wide, that’s a difficult feat to achieve without making lots of depth adjustments.

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