Chris Schwarz's Blog

My Favorite Tool from the H.O. Studley Tool Chest

Making woodworking tools doesn’t interest me as much as making furniture, but my recent encounter with Henry O. Studley’s tool chest has me eyeing the metals section of the  McMaster-Carr web site.

The tool that turned my head is small and simple, but boy do I have a crush on it.

It’s a locking thickness caliper that looks to be made of brass or brass-plated steel. Studley had it mounted in the top left section of the right shell of his chest. It was in the front layer of tools and easy to remove, so I suppose it was used frequently.

I’ve never seen a caliper such as this, and I wonder if he made it himself. There are no maker’s marks on it. If you’ve seen this tool before, let me know. (Maybe we can get it printed on the side of a milk carton. “Have you seen this tool?”)

What I really like about this caliper is that it is ideally suited for handplaning, especially thicknessing boards. You can set the caliper to the finished thickness you require and lock the caliper to that setting. Then you can test your board with the caliper as you work. It works much like a mullet when checking thicknesses of raised panels, but this mullet is adjustable.

The rounded tips of the caliper are one of its nice features. I’ve tried using locking dial calipers to check my thickness as I work and they are difficult to use like this because of the shape of the jaws. Try it, and I think you’ll agree.

Studley’s caliper is made of two plates of .060”-thick metal (probably brass). Its overall length is 3”; its maximum width is 1-11/16”. The locking nut on the back has a 7/16” diameter. The scale at the top of the caliper opens to 1-3/4”.

When I first looked at the chest, my eye was drawn to the infilled mallet in the top right of the cabinet. That one is similar to mallets that I own, but Studley’s mallet (naturally) has a lot more class and detail.

But after examining every one of the tools in his chest, cataloging each one for Don Williams’s forthcoming book on Studley and putting all the tools back in place, it is the caliper that sticks in my memory as the one I wish I could have stuck in my pocket (it’s shameful, I know).

Forgive me Studley, for I have sinned.

— Christopher Schwarz

If you are interested in making your own tools and appliances for handwork, then I highly recommend Jim Tolpin’s book “The New Traditional Woodworker.” This book is a great lesson in using the tools to make the objects that make your tools work even better – a straightedge, winding sticks, try square and so on.

35 thoughts on “My Favorite Tool from the H.O. Studley Tool Chest

  1. jonas baker

    Wow I have this exact caliper, and it is definitely my favorite caliper, not that I’m a collector. Mine is definitely not home made, as there is a makers mark in it, and I can’t remember the name but it is made in Newark, NJ. I got this at a flea market, from a guy who worked at a scrap yard, and he would rescue any items he thought were cool, and luckily for me this caliper was one such item. Very neat to hear that one is in the studley chest!

  2. Darrell S 4001

    One of the not so obvious pluses for this caliper is that it can be used as an “inside” caliper to measure the diameter of a hole or the width of a rabbet. That’s why the markings go in both directions from zero.

  3. TNWoodwright

    I keep an inexpensive set of open end wrenches around for planing to thickness. They are go-nogo and they come in 16’ths 🙂

  4. Marty

    These are rather common, aren’t they? Certainly not as ornate as Studley’s, but they can be had many places. A quick search shows that Peachtree sells one at (near the bottom of the page is the ‘manual’ version).

    I want to say that I’ve even seen them at my local big box store.

  5. corgicoupe

    Well, it looked familiar so I went back to scrounging in a small toolbox that my dad had left. Sure enough, there was the same tool. Mine is 6″ in length, made of steel, and also has no maker’s mark. It is, unfortunately, missing the locking screw, but the hole is threaded so it should not be difficult to find a replacement. Because of the increased length, the maximum measurement along the top arc is 3.75″. There are some indications that this tool too was hand made, such as minor lack of symmetry and some less-than-smooth curves. Dad would have been 100 in 3 months, but I have no way of knowing where it came from or where he got it (which seems to be true of a lot of things he left).

    Is there some way to attach a photo?

  6. Gary Smyth

    Furtherchecking reveals that the item is a Kraeuyer #3 cast steel with set screw, nickel plated register caliper. Came in 3′($.65)4″($.75),5″ ($.90),6″($1.00) sizes.

  7. Gary Smyth

    Too bad no chance for a picture. I have one. Mine looks to be identical. Mine has initials on it LFL. No other markings. Lighter in weight than most tools of the time. Doing basic research WFLP(?) WARD made one similar as shown in Salaman’s dictionary. Sellens book shows an illustration of what we have as a caliper, self registering, or register caliper. Ours appears to be a Kraeuter Company, Newark NJ. Formed in 1879. It is shown in catalog of 1891 and perhaps in the 1911. Cope says that the calipers were made by Wm. Johnson. Did I do Good?

  8. sahaskell

    Chris, The fact that this tool has a “zero-center” scale suggests to me that it probably is for both inside and outside measurements, such as mortice and tenon. If the tips are offset (hard to tell in the photo) then you could squeeze the bows together so that the tips would cross each other and engage the sides of an open gap.
    I might try to build one of these.
    Keep up the good work.
    Steve Haskell

  9. agargano

    Hi Chris and all…new to the blog (and woodworking for that matter :-)and looking forward to learning more here! In reference to the Register Caliper, I found something that is similar and maybe of interest at…although this does not have a gage, the OD measurement tool can be locked. Here’s a link, which is on page 1467 of MSC’s catalog and there is more on page 1468

  10. papaford

    There were two or three of these gauges in the locker when i was in woodshop in high school. That was from 1959-62. They looked old and used then. Don’t know how old they were.

  11. bubbainmiss

    Chris–Just a suggestion. Add a small magnet to your list of stuff to take the next time you go on a mission like this. It’ll settle the brass/steel question.

  12. metalworkingdude

    Chris, can you share a picture of the back of the tool please? I’m interested in seeing the back of the pivot and the locking screw.


  13. Jon

    I bought one on ebay several years ago (more than 4 or 5), and didn’t pay that much for it. The only difference I see is on the pivot nut/rivet – slightly different. Mine is plain steel, no finish or plating. Also no makers mark on it at all.

  14. akraemer

    Looking at the scale it seems the caliper can be used as an outside and -to some extent- as an inside caliper(?)


  15. Guy


    I acquired at tool like the one above some years ago. At first glance, it appears identical to the one I have, although the pointer is different, and it’s made of steel, not brass. Mine doesn’t have a maker’s mark either.

  16. Bowyerboy

    Outside calipers work better for me when thicknessing boards. Fractional calipers are fine for checking tenons, but a little delicate for full size stock, in my very humble opinion.

  17. Loves2ski


    I’ve been reading your columns and books long enough that I feel like I should already know this word. But… what’s a mullet? I assume it’s some type of gauge for checking the thickness of a raised panel, and you’re not talking about Billy Ray Cyrus’ haircut. But I’ve never heard this term used in wooodworking.



      1. nateswoodworks

        I was going to ask the same thing (and had the vision of sticking Cyrus’s head against a raised panel but feared the gel would alter the color). Thanks for answering the question and saving me from tonights nightmare!

      2. mctoons

        Hi Chris,
        Is “The Joiner & Cabinet Maker” a book or an article you wrote? I tried searching for it but didn’t get any relavent hits. By the way, I just finished The Anarchist’s Tool Chest and thoroughly enjoyed it. Thanks.


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