Dado Joints by Hand

Dado Joints

Making joinery by hand is a satisfying process, so I thought I’d share a method for hand made dado joints. In the early days of my apprenticeship we would practice joints on short ends of pine, getting used to the tools and working through the steps required to make a joint by hand, but without the pressure of thinking about an actual project. Getting excellent results was important and that’s why I start with a picture of what could be described as a somewhat less-than-perfect joint. However, once you start seeing handmade joinery in the field, on both furniture or carpentry applications, the above becomes quite normal.

If you’ve ever been around when something old needs repair, you’ll start to notice similar things on hand made joinery. It’s not indicative of shoddy work, it’s a way to be effective with your time and to allow brisk progress with no detriment to the final job. One of the great things about handwork is that the approach can vary greatly to suit the task. All it takes is a little practice to get the hang of handmade joinery and then use it effectively within your workflow.

In addition to the photos you can watch the process in a video at the end of this post. I wanted to be plentiful with the photos because sometimes it is easier to take in information via images.

So to the dado joint (I get nailed every time I don’t call this a housing joint by my fellow Brits). The first step is to apply face side and face edge marks to ensure the square and gauge have a defined point to reference against to each time. I then strike a knife line, starting with light pressure on the knife and then a couple more passes, with slightly increased pressure on the knife.

Dado Joints

If the section of wood that is going to be fitted into the dado is easy to position next to the knife line then use it, just obscure the line and then define the second knife line as before. If using the wood to be joined I’d measure it and apply the second knife line.

 

Dado Joints

Hopefully there will be two sharp lines across the wood. Now ready for the next step.

Dado Joints

I turn the wood up on edge and place the knife into the previously struck line, move the square to it and extend the line around. On the hidden face I just overrun, on a seen face I stop at the depth of the dado.

Dado Joints

Using 3/4″ stock, I set a marking gauge to about 1/4″, no measuring, just a visual “guess”. It can be a mistake to go too deep as it will weaken the joint. I will confess that I don’t have a rule as such, just a touch over a 1/4″ in thicker material seems to work out pretty well.

Dado Joints

Of course on the exposed face side, I stop neatly between the lines.

Dado Joints

On the back, I just let it run right through with a couple of confident passes of the gauge.

Dado Joints

I then make sure the wood is firmly secured to the bench top and use a wide chisel to establish a shallow groove that helps the saw track true when I cut down through.

Dado Joints

I don’t always apply this detail unless I feel it’s needed, but here it allows the saw to track accurately on a wide cut.

Dado Joints

I use my tenon saw using a steady cut, the saw jumping out of the cut is the main risk here. There is an option to clamp a support block to run the saw plate against but it’s not something I use, unless I am making a really wide cut .

Dado Joints

Keeping a sharp eye on the depth of the cut is important as a face side can be spoiled by overrun cuts, but on a hidden face, just a touch over the gauge depth is OK.

Dado Joints

I’m in the habit of removing most of the waste with the chisel bevel down, this allows access to even wide dado cuts with just normal chisel.

Dado Joints

Oddly, we were never issued with hand routers at college, we were expected to get the base of the dado level with just a chisel, checking the depth with the blade of a try square. However, I find my “old woman’s tooth” a very reliable way to make sure things are level and true.

Dado Joints

Just a quick check and tidy up any errant fibers with a chisel.

Dado Joints

As a final step, I put the joint in my favor with just a few light passes with the chisel in the central area to ensure a snug fit on the outer areas.

Dado Joints

Hopefully with a push or a couple of taps, the joint should register home. Although I don’t always get joinery to fit “off the saw,” that is always my aim and I encourage that whenever possible. Practicing with that mindset will also make future projects progress more readily.

Dado Joints

— Graham Haydon


Hand-Crafted-bookcaseWant to learn more about hand cut dados? Check out “Build a Hand-Crafted Bookcase with Christopher Schwarz” at shopwoodworking.com.

CATEGORIES
PWM Shop Blog, Woodworking Blogs
Graham Haydon

About Graham Haydon

Graham Haydon is a Joiner based in the UK, working in the same woodworking business his great grandfather started in 1926 alongside his father, brother and a small team of craftspeople. The business makes custom architectural joinery, simple furniture and custom kitchens along with a variety of other woodworking projects. He served an apprenticeship in both Joinery and Carpentry and also gained a National Certificate in Building Studies. During his spare time he enjoys woodworking mainly with hand tools.

13 thoughts on “Dado Joints by Hand

  1. Bill

    Great post Graham – very inspiring!

    Question: is the striking knife you’re using something that is commercially available (e.g. bought online?) I’m quite new to this and currently using a utility for marking. It’s hard to tame the wobbling blade though. Thanks!

    1. Graham HaydonGraham Haydon Post author

      Hi Bill!

      Thanks for the feedback. My knife is by Crown tools. It’s sold as a traditional marking knife that was favored by joiners. I made it into a double bevel knife, pretty simple as the metal is pretty soft. I like it but knives as with most tools are a personal choice.
      If you’re using what I’d call a “Stanley Knife” then I’ve found the work very well. A light touch at first and then a few more passes with pretty modest pressure maintaining a smooth action should be fine. Have fun!

      Best

      G

  2. Elmer

    Thanks . After seeing your article I went right to,the shop to try it myself.
    Elmer

    1. Graham HaydonGraham Haydon Post author

      Nice work Elmer!

      Very cool to hear you were inspired by the write up.

      Best

      G

    1. Graham HaydonGraham Haydon Post author

      Thank you BLZeebub. To be thought of as one who does it proper is a fine thing indeed!

      Best

      G

  3. Bill Lattanzio

    Nicely done, Graham! A worldly fellow, such as myself, would probably refer to the joint as a ‘housing dado’ to appease both sides of the Atlantic. Even said with a Philly accent, it reeks of taste.

    1. Graham HaydonGraham Haydon Post author

      Cheers Bill! What I like about “Dado” is it’s short and easier to spell, “Housing” is good as it’s descriptive. Housing Dado, the joint that was so good they named it twice ;). Just checked out the Philly accent on YT, very cool. If you want to know what Devonian sounds like https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=A0zxE0SUG1c

      Best

      G

  4. Shawn Nichols

    Hey Graham,

    Don’t worry about using non-‘merican words like housing joint. I’d never heard of it but now I’ll know it if I see it in the future.

    I hope this comment doesn’t make me sound like a wanker.

    Cool vid.

    -Shawn

    1. Graham HaydonGraham Haydon Post author

      Hi Shawn,

      I think trouble is I absorb words and phrases pretty readily to the point I don’t notice my language has evolved.

      Nah, far from being a wanker. Nice to see that gem getting an airing in the US 🙂

      Best

      G

      1. dbrough

        Awesome video, so good to see hand techniques from a professional. Thanks!
        Oh my, a wanker? That’s two new words I’ve learned so far!

        Dave

        1. Graham HaydonGraham Haydon Post author

          dbrough

          Happy to be of service on both joinery and expanding vocab? What word should we throw into the mix next time………

          Best

          G

Comments are closed.