Chris Schwarz's Blog

Leg Vise with No Parallel Guide or Garter

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Last summer I built a workbench that was as close to the bench shown in A.-J. Roubo’s plate 11 as I could manage. While I still have three details to add to my bench (a drawer, a tool rack and a grease pot), the rest of the bench has been up and running since August 2013.

The leg vise is perhaps the most unusual feature of this circa 1768 workbench. As shown in Plate 11, the vise has neither a parallel guide, nor a garter. Also unusual: the vise’s jaw is quite close to the floor.

When I built this vise, I had misgivings about missing these features – the parallel guide and garter – I am so fond of. But I figured I could always modify the vise if it got too annoying.

Surprisingly, I have been pleased with the vise.

The lack of a garter (which locks the screw to the jaw) isn’t the end of the world. Yes, I have to pull the jaw back at times, which is an extra step. But I do this with my Moxon vise, and I really don’t miss the garter.

The missing parallel guide is even more of an interesting tale.

One night after a few beers, I was scouring Roubo’s text for some details on how the leg vise should work and I misread one section. (Kids: You should not drink and translate.)

Here is what Roubo actually wrote:

When you use it, you must take care to put at the base a caul of a thickness equal to that of the work, so that the head of the screw creates equal pressure everywhere….

I stupidly (perhaps drunkenly) misread that thinking that Roubo intended the caul to be tapered along its length. So the next morning I went down and used a long tapered offcut that was lying around from cutting a tapered leg.

I slid the caul left and right with my foot – no stooping, like with a parallel guide. I was impressed. So I went back upstairs and looked for the passage again and realized I had misread it. Oh well.

In any case, the tapered caul allows me to clamp a wide range of thicknesses from 0” to more than 2” with the one tapered caul. That covers 99 percent of my needs.

Later on I found out that the vise has a built-in parallel guide for larger work. I’ll deal with that feature in a future blog post. It’s happy hour here and I have some more translating to do.

— Christopher Schwarz

11 thoughts on “Leg Vise with No Parallel Guide or Garter

  1. xjjb4x4

    Chris, I know this is very late post on this. But, re-reading your mention on how close to the floor the bottom of the vice face came, it seemed certain that there must have been a purpose for it.
    I’d bet that Roubo’s design was meant to drop a cut-off on to the floor between the face and the leg to make it parallel. Once the vice is close to the work it would take no effort slip a cut-off behind the vice face and just let it drop. You would hardly have to bend over and no fussing with adjusting mechanisms.

    jb

    1. xjjb4x4

      Ooops!
      I failed to read past the video window. I knew the thought had to have come from somewhere.

      Thanks for all your delving into the history of our hobby….your trade. It vastly increases the understanding of how we go about our projects. I think that seeing how things developed helps inspire future development and skills.

      jb

  2. mwirth

    I like the idea of no parallel guide, although I have considered the crisscross, and chain options. What about rigging something together using the Lee Valley “Vise Rack Stop”?

  3. William Duffield

    Would it help any, to minimize twisting forces on the jaw and screw, to cut a taper in the back face of the jaw at the very bottom to match the taper of the caul?

    1. Christopher SchwarzChristopher Schwarz Post author

      William,

      I have contemplated many alterations to move the point of contact to the middle of the jaw, including a small projecting tenon at the base of the jaw (with a matching mortise in the leg, for thin stock). But I haven’t really seen any twisting in the chop and I really didn’t want to fuss with it too much.

  4. Ade

    I am disappointed. The post about the reglet was fantastic. I was promised a blown mind with the second stick. After nearly two months of waiting on tenterhooks for some rediscovered ancient secret of wood-working I get. . .this. Make that sorely disappointed.

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