Spring into Using a Spokeshave - Popular Woodworking Magazine

Spring into Using a Spokeshave

 In Woodworking Daily Blog

To celebrate the first day of spring, I bought myself a new tool.

It wasn’t just an impulse buy. I had reached a sticking point in my Adirondack chair project the night before. Rather than spend any more hours staring at the boards in question, hoping they would change shape on their own, I went out and bought a good-quality spokeshave from a store I trust.

Using a spokeshave

Using a spokeshave is not much more complicated than buying one and taking it out of the box.

Chuck Bender places spokeshaves toward the more developed end of the spectrum for basic woodworking hand tools. At the least developed end of the category, you have simple knives. At the higher end of the range, you have good-quality spokeshaves and handplanes. In the middle are tools like chisels and drawknives. What do all these basic hand tools have in common? As Chuck points out, they all help you impose a flat surface on a naturally curvy material – wood. The difference between these tools is that knives, drawknives and chisels are completely “free-hand” tools, whereas spokeshaves and handplanes have planar surfaces in front of their cutting blades to help make a very flat cut.

With a spokeshave, it is possible to flatten and level an edge completely – though it makes a lot more sense to do this with a handplane. I reached for the spokeshave because I wanted to flatten a curvy edge. Spokeshaves work great around curves.

Using a Spokeshave – Just Spring into It

Using a spokeshave is not complicated. They are very intuitive tools. I bought a Veritas low-angle spokeshave, in part because the blade comes pre-honed. I just took it out of the box, made some adjustments to the cutting depth and mouth size, and started working.

One thing you may notice when you first start using a spokeshave is that tear-out can occur. This is a result of being too aggressive with your cutting depth, and/or going against the grain. When this happened to me, I put down the spokeshave and used my chisel to carefully release the torn-out wood chip. Then I went back to the spokeshave and worked in the other direction to smooth things out.

A nice benefit in using a spokeshave for flat curves – as opposed to a combination of bandsaw and sandpaper – is that the final surface has that hand-worked sheen.

Another Way to Celebrate the Beginning of Spring

If you’re not ready to spend $75-$150 on a new tool right now, here’s another idea. Pick up a copy of our bestselling new title, “Birdhouses and More.” You can build all kinds of shelters and comforts for our forest friends as they come out of the woods and into our world once again.

Please tell us your tips on using a spokeshave in the comments below!

Dan Farnbach

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Showing 9 comments
  • msiemsen

    How did you avoid the bevel up or bevel down controversy?

    • Dan Farnbach
      Dan Farnbach

      Ha. Fortunately we have a terrific community here. Not too many pot-stirrers among us!
      Mike, it was wonderful getting your thoughts in our interview. Thanks again for talking with us!

  • GCLivingston

    Perhaps one might consider an American made spokeshave from a craftsman like me with a number of low angle spokeshave offerings. Glenn at Woodjoy®Tools.

    • JWatriss

      I’ll second the Woodjoy offerings, Dan… And he’s also in MA, so it might be worth seeing if you can drop in and say hi.

      • Dan Farnbach
        Dan Farnbach

        Sounds great! I’d love to check those out.

        • GCLivingston

          It would be my pleasure if you took a moment to stop by my shop to check out the tools I make.

    • Larry

      I have used Woodjoy Spokeshaves they are fantastic and make any novice user of spokes look like a pro. They have this inovative blade adjustment on the top of the tool, with a worry free positive locking system, which eliminates the need for threaded post and or tangs on the blade. This is a big plus I found to appreciate when I went to sharpen the blade. In addition the wood handle is a pleasure to work with compared to the metal ones out there. Oh and they come pre honed and ready for work. But the whole point of the blog is to try a spokeshave once you have you will make it one of the tools to be sure to have in your Anarchist Tool Chest.

  • robert

    As an alternative, Hock Tools make two sizes of irons that may be used to build your own spokeshave, to fit your hands.

    • Dan Farnbach
      Dan Farnbach

      Ron Hock makes terrific stuff.

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