Quartersawn White Oak Grain Matching
I once worked with a guy who maintained that white oak wasn’t suited for furniture and that whiskey barrels are a far better use for this wood. Looking at the pile of wood in the photo you might be inclined to agree with that, and there are days when I find myself leaning in that direction. I’m working on a project for an upcoming issue of Popular Woodworking Magazine, a reproduction of a piece originally made by The Craftsman Workshops in the early 1900s.
A lot of Arts & Crafts style furniture doesn’t need many wide pieces of material. For the Morris chair I built a few years ago, the arms were the only parts that were long and wide. This time around, the situation is decidedly different. I’m making a large cabinet with a single frame and panel door and the sides are also frames and panels. The stiles and rails are wide, but I still need to come up with three good size panels. The panels are split top and bottom, and I want the grain to match vertically from panel to panel. For the door I need a panel about 20 inches wide and 48 inches long. For the two side panels I need pieces about 10 inches wide and 60 inches long.
Deciding which piece of wood goes where usually gets glossed over in a magazine article. The process is reduced to a couple of lines, but there is a lot more to it than that. It’s one of the most important parts of any project, in any wood. In this photo I’m in the midst of finding the door panel. I need three pieces to make the width. My rough lumber was about eight feet long, so I cut five pieces in half and headed to the jointer and planer. One piece had a knot in the middle of it and was put back on the pile. The three on the left have a similar appearance, but boring figure. The three piled up on the right are ugly and destined for hidden parts of the case. The three in the middle just might work.
The first thing to do when trying to match quartersawn white oak is lower your expectations. Original pieces are a good guide; the nature of the wood means you can only get so close. These three pieces have similar figure and color, the trick is how to arrange them for the best appearance. A perfect match isn’t possible with the material at hand, but I can get close, at least as close as an original piece would be. I left these about 1/16″ thicker than the finished panel so that after gluing I can take one more pass on each side through our planer, and I haven’t jointed the edges or ripped the pieces to width. If I didn’t have access to a wide planer, I would take each piece down to finished thickness before gluing them together.
This arrangement looked better to me, and I’ve used a lumber crayon and drawn two legs of a triangle across the assembly to keep track of the orientation. Now it’s off to the jointer and the table saw. When I make the final passes on the the edges at the jointer I run one edge with the marks in to the fence and the matching edge with the marks away from the fence. That will compensate for any deviation from square in the fence setting. You often read about arranging boards so that they will be easy to plane, but twenty years from now I want to look at that panel and say “that looks good”, not “that sure is ugly but it was easy to plane.” Making nice furniture is supposed to be a challenge.
The final arrangement is still a compromise, but I think it’s acceptable. My plan is to color the finished piece with aniline dye coated with amber shellac. The similarities in the the pattern of the rays and even coloring ought to make up for the less than perfect match. Quartersawn white oak is a unique wood. It doesn’t look like other woods and the process of milling it is different as well. Maybe that’s why I like it, the rules are different.
The finished panel will eventually show up in a future issue of Popular Woodworking Magazine and if you’re not a subscriber, you can correct that condition at this link. If you’d like to see previous projects I’ve made, check out “Classic Arts & Crafts Furniture” in our store.