Jig Journal: Bench Hook
Part Sizes and Assembly
Bench hooks can be almost any size. The sizes shown in this article make a bench hook that’s convenient for most sawing. Glue and nail the three parts together, using a square to ensure the fence is square to the bed.
With your bench hook assembled, mark a scale on its fence in 1/2″ or 1/4″ increments. The scale helps you cut short bits to length. When the glue dries, you’re ready to go to work. Don’t apply a film finish to the bench hook; that will only make it slippery and difficult for you to keep your work in place. Then make a second bench hook without the fence. This second appliance supports long workpieces hanging off your first bench hook.
Using the Hook
The first rule of bench hooks: They are disposable. You will cut them up until they’re unusable. So don’t fret when you slice up the bed. In general, you place your work against the fence and hold it there with your off-hand while you saw with your dominant hand. As with all sawing, it’s best to advance on two lines instead of one – so try to saw through an edge and a face at the same time. This trick will make all your saw cuts more accurate.
In general, I line up the edge of the bench hook’s fence with the line I’ve marked on the wood. Lining up your fence and your cut line creates one longer line, and that’s a visual cue that will help you saw straighter.
As with all sawing, allow your sawing arm the freedom to move back and forth without rubbing against your torso. That helps improve your accuracy, too.
Using a bench hook allows you to do things safely, accurately and more quickly than with any other setup. I like to use them to cut small parts to precise lengths. I simply clamp a spring clamp to the fence at the desired dimension and butt my stock against the clamp. There’s no better way to cut short dowels for pegging joints.
Bench Hooks and Planes
I use my bench hook with a plane just as often as I use it with a saw. When working the shoulders and cheeks of tenons with a shoulder plane, I push the work against the fence with my off-hand and plane with my dominant one.
I also use the bench hook like a small shooting board. Flip the bench hook upside down so the fence hooks over the benchtop and you are working into the hook. The extra-wide hook prevents (or reduces) blow-out on the outfeed side of your cut. Your handplane (choose a tool with lots of mass) rides on your benchtop. Butt your stock against the sole of the plane then push the plane forward to shave off a little bit of the work. This is a great way to fit mullions in a divided-light door.
You also can use the bench hook to plane the long grain of short pieces. Push the part’s end grain against the fence of the bench hook and plane away. This is easier than trying to secure little bits in your vise.
Once you have made a couple bench hooks, you’ll start using them to hold your work instead of reaching for a clamp. I secure stuff against them for chiseling and rasping all the time.
Most important, I think you’ll like your backsaw a lot more and use it for more operations. I’ve been in too many shops where backsaws were assumed to be freehand tools, so the resident woodworker was either a highly skilled sawyer or a highly frustrated one. PW