When I finish my pieces, I use restraint when adding stains or dyes. Most woods look best (to my eye) with some shellac, lacquer and maybe a little colored wax in the pores.
But when I do color wood, I’m a fan of the W.D. Lockwood dyes, which are usually found packaged as J.E. Moser dyes from Woodworker’s Supply. I have to thank Glen D. Huey for introducing me to these dyes when we first started working with him as a contributor at Popular Woodworking Magazine.
Glen uses the dyes with stunning results on figured woods.
I started using the dyes on Arts and Crafts furniture – I would dye the wood a strong red and then apply a brown coat of stain over the wood. The result was that the medullary rays would end up as red but the piece would have the familiar overall brown color. Not everyone likes this look, but I do.
Today I’m using the Flemish Black Oak dye to ebonize some mahogany legs for a Kaare Klint Safari Chair – the final project in my forthcoming book, “Campaign Furniture.” As I was applying the dye, I remembered a few things that weren’t on the instructions. So if you’ve never used dye, here are a few tips.
1. The water-base dye is more light-fast than the alcohol-based. If your piece will live in the sun, you might not want to use dyes at all (pigment stain would be better; it doesn’t fade). However, the alcohol stuff is very fast-drying. All my dye will be dry by the time I finish this blog entry (30 minutes). The water-base stuff takes a lot longer to dry.
2. Soak the wood. Don’t be stingy. Spray a heavy coat or wipe on a heavy coat, especially with open-pore species. Dip small parts in the dye.
3. After it dries, take a clean, dry rag and burnish off the extra dye powder. Sometimes your project will look blotchy after you have dyed it. Usually the blotches are just extra powder that was not absorbed into the wood. A clean, dry rag will fix the problem. Rub vigorously.
4. If the project looks freaky when it dries, don’t freak. Some of these dyes turn Pepto pink when they dry. Don’t fret. When you add the topcoat, the color of the wet dye will return.
There are lots of other things you can do with dyes – I like using them to tone lacquer or shellac. But I have to go finish my legs right now.
— Christopher Schwarz
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