Don’t Leave Home Without Essential Layout Tools
Whenever I leave town to teach a woodworking class, I make two stops to pick up a supply of two essential things for project layout. The first stop is the office supply store for a box of Bic .5mm mechanical pencils. Next stop is the “big box home center” for a dozen lumber crayons. The pencils are all for me, I need to be prepared in case someone has a question, and like many woodworkers I can’t discuss details without a pencil in my hand. The lumber crayons are for passing out to students. In the first class I taught, I started scrawling on the wood with mine and the questions started flying: “What is that?” followed by “Where can I get one?”
I think that the way I mark and label parts is a good way to keep a project moving without making mistakes and is well worth teaching, but the real reason I pass out the crayons is that the way many woodworkers mark parts for a job in progress drives me crazy. In any furniture project there are a bunch of parts to keep track of. If you care about how the finished piece looks you want to take your time and decide which part of your available lumber fits best for the size of a part you need. When you make that investment in time, you don’t want to repeat the process, and you don’t want there to be any confusion about which part goes where. Most of all, you don’t want to take a piece that you carefully selected for a certain spot and glue it in backwards or upside down, and you don’t want to mistake a part destined for a prominent location for a random hunk of wood you can cut up for cleats.
The beauty of marking things up with a big red crayon is that you have bold bright marks that are easy to see at a glance. You don’t have to fuss when you make them, and it’s hard to miss them when you need them. The picture at left is typical of how I mark up a board before rough cutting my parts. The lines are approximate because I’m going to make everything too long and too wide to start with. The lettering is big and bold so I can’t miss it.
What drives me crazy is when I ask a student “which part is which?” and they start looking for the secret location on an edge or end where they wrote in teeny-tiny letters with their German drafting pencil equipped with the .3mm 4H lead. Once they find the marks, it’s time to find a light to shine on the letters, get the reading glasses or magnifying glass and then begin to decipher the convoluted message they left for themselves. These messages often include detailed written instructions about grain direction and which way to feed or plane and they’re almost always made on the first surface to be removed as work progresses.
There are simple ways to mark parts that cabinetmakers have been using for generations. One of these is the triangle, or in the case of my table-top-to-be, two legs of a triangle. In a couple of seconds, I’ve marked these parts in a way that leaves no doubt about which end is up, or how they go together. I marked this top as soon as I had the parts rough cut, and the marks will survive through the process of joining the edges and gluing the pieces together. When I join the edges, I’ll run one face against the jointer fence and one away from the fence to cancel out any error in the fence center. I don’t need a system of “O”s for out and “I”s for in and out, I already have that with the triangle. If I’m making a bunch of tops, I can add an additional angled leg for each new assembly and the triangle works no matter how many parts are coming together.
As work progresses, I make any marks I need to keep things positioned. It isn’t much fun to fit four through tenons, take a piece apart then try to put it back together inside out, or with the left side where the right side ought to be.
The obvious question is “how do you remove the crayon marks?” Most of the time they wear off, or get cut off in the process. If any still remain at the end, a quick wipe with a rag dampened with mineral spirits gets rid of it. There is certainly a time and a place for precise marking with neat crisp lines in exactly the right places. There is also a time when we need big red letters that say “HEY DUMMY! DON’T MESS THIS UP!”
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