What Tools Do I Need to Start Woodworking?

Woodworking really is simple, despite all attempts to complicate it. Complications introduced by well-meaning folks can keep a beginner away from the enjoyable part: making things. One of the most common questions is “what tools do I need to get started?” and as the would-be woodworker starts reading he soon begins asking, “Which set of these? How many of those?” The worst thing that can happen is he or she decides to wait until all the tools are in place before making a start. The truth is, one sharp tool and a hunk of wood will take you farther, faster.

The big myth in woodworking is that there is a magic tool that will make a difficult task easy, or that the right assortment of tools will deliver mastery of the craft. There is some truth to that, but it is easily exploited, both by sellers of tools and writers in need of a topic. The problem is that without experience, a beginner really isn’t able to tell the often-subtle difference between specialized tools. If you get one chisel, one saw, or one plane and put it to work, you’ll begin to understand the relationship between your eyes, brain, hands, sharp steel and wood. When you develop that understanding, the next tool to get becomes obvious.

If you start with a bunch of saws for example, the chances are good that your skills and knowledge won’t develop. It’s too easy to assume it’s the tool and not the user, and reach for the next one. If you only have one saw, the fundamentals of hand/eye coordination, staying on the line, keeping the thing plumb and starting a cut will develop. When you can get a saw to cut, you’ll find yourself in situations where the teeth are too fine (or too coarse), or the size isn’t appropriate to the work, or the sharpening isn’t optimal for the direction you want to go. Your experience, and your level of satisfaction with what you have will point you in the right direction.

Eventually, you’ll end up with a bunch of tools. You’ll have chisels for dovetailing, other chisels for mortising, a few cherished ones that only do one thing (but do it extremely well) and a couple of cheap ones that aren’t good for anything but opening paint cans or scraping up gum. You’ll have planes that work wonders for some tasks and suck at others. A few planes will do most of the work – others will only touch wood on special occasions. There is a natural progression that works well, but only if it is driven by an understanding based on experience.

You can benefit from someone else’s experience, but that only goes so far. Without experience of your own, you can acquire a bunch of stuff without really knowing why. Too much stuff too soon will get in the way of learning skills and you’ll never understand why the Starrett 9” adjustable square and the 5-1/4″ junior jack plane are absolutely essential.

– Robert W. Lang

These products are also fantastic resources for the beginner woodworker:

“Tool Basics for Getting Started in Woodworking” DVD, with Megan Fitzpatrick.
“Getting Started with Routers” DVD, with David Thiel.

8 thoughts on “What Tools Do I Need to Start Woodworking?

  1. MarkK

    I’ve haven’t been woodworking all that long but really enjoy it thoroughly. I cleared out an old shed and converted it to a small woodworking shop. Should have done this a long time ago – woodworking IS addicting! If anyone is interested, I just got an app for my ipad the other day called WoodMasterHD and it’s got some really handy tools for woodworking. Especially useful if you’re green behind the ears (like me) with woodworking. Very slick app!

    Speaking of being green behind the ears as a woodworker, my grandfather passed away and left me with a huge box of carpenter tools – half of which I have no idea what they are for. Is it possible to submit a photo here so maybe someone can tell me what these strange tools are used for? These tools are REALLY old! I’m talking stuff from the 30′s.

    Anyway, great blog post, Robert!

  2. KenS

    Yeah, when you’re young and getting started you make do. My first home workbench was an old dresser top fastened to four kitchen table legs. It was a complete and utter disaster as a woodworking bench but it was a start. Every time I see an article about one of these two ton Roubo benches I think of my first bench and how happy I was to replace it with something a little bit better.

  3. lastwordsmith

    Sage advice. I cut the dadoes for my first bookshelf using a combo square, a utility knife, and an old 1″ chisel while sitting on the boards as they lay on my kitchen floor. It was one of the best foundations for building skills that I could have had.

  4. stjones

    Define “need”. :) Some of us (excluding myself, of course) just “need” to have a variety of brands, types, models, setups, etc. – “choices” as Alf would say.

  5. adrian

    Hmmm. I was thinking at one point not long ago that a Starrett 9″ square would be the perfect size, less awkward than the 12″. Too bad they don’t make this size any more. If it’s the essential tool then those beginners are in trouble. :)

  6. shopking

    Thank you for this post. It is nice to hear this from someone who makes a living writing about tools and techniques. We sometimes get caught up in all the hype about the latest and greatest and we forget to actually make something with the tools we acquire.

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